PAN, BY LOUIS AUGUSTE MOREAU (FRENCH 1855-1919). GREEK MYTHOLOGY


THIS IS AN ORIGINAL, BEAUTIFUL FINELY DETAILED CASTING MADE OF METAL / SPELTER WITH A BEAUTIFUL PATINA.


 


The over all approx size is 21 inches with base and 19 inches with out base


7 inches wide by 7 inches deep


Weight is approx. 20 pounds


Beautiful original marble plinth


 


This is not a reproduction


 


The colors in the patina are the metal base and tree is a pale green. pan is flesh tones. the flutes are brass dorie.


 


AS THE STORY GOES


PAN was the god of shepherds and hunters, and of the meadows and forests of the mountain wilds. His unseen presence aroused panic in those who traversed his realm.


Pan idled in the rugged countryside of Arkadia (Arcadia), playing his panpipes and chasing Nymphs. One of these, Pitys, fled his advances and was transformed into a mountain-pine, the god's sacred tree. Another, Syrinx, escaped but was turned into a clump of reeds from which Pan crafted his pipes. And a third, Ekho (Echo), was cursed to fade away for spurning the god, leaving behind just a voice to repeat his mountain cries.


Pan was depicted as a man with the horns, legs and tail of a goat, a thick beard, snub nose and pointed ears. He often appears in scenes of the company of Dionysos.


In the classical age the Greeks associated his name with the word pan meaning "all". However its true origin lay in an old Arcadian word for rustic.


Pan was closely identified with several other rustic deities including Aristaios (Aristaeus), the shepherd-god of northern Greece who shared the god's titles of Agreus (Hunter) and Nomios (Shepherd), the pipe-playing Phrygian satyr Marsyaswho challenged Apollon to a musical contest, and Aigipan (Aegipan), the goat-fish god of the constellation Capricorn. Sometimes Pan was multiplied into a host of Panes, or a triad of gods named AgreusNomios, and Phorbas.


 


The culture of Ancient Greece involved a complex spiritual world of major and minor gods that oversaw human events and engaged in dramas of their own. One of these, called Pan, ruled over nature and pasturelands. He is frequently depicted in literature and artworks. Although he is not one of the major gods of Ancient Greece, he is one of most often referenced figures in Greek mythology.


Pan the God of the Wild


Pan is considered to be one of the oldest of GREEK GODS. He is associated with nature, wooded areas, and pasturelands, from which his name is derived. The worship of Pan began in rustic areas far from the populated city centers, and therefore, he did not have large temples built to worship him. Rather, worship of Pan centered in nature, often in caves or grottos. Pan ruled over shepherds, hunters and rustic music. He was the patron god of Arcadia. Pan was often in the company of the wood nymphs and other deities of the forest.


Pan’s Appearance


Perhaps because of his association with nature and animals, Pan did not have the appearance of a normal man. The bottom half of his body was like a goat, with the top half of his body being like other men. However, he is often depicted with horns on his head, and his face is usually unattractive.


Pan’s Lineage


The parentage of Pan is uncertain. Some accounts say he is the son of HERMES and Dryope, but others say he is the son of  ZEUS or the son of Penelope, wife of Odysseus. The story of his birth says that his mother was so distressed by his unusual appearance that she ran away, but he was taken to Mount Olympus where he became the favorite of the gods.


Pan’s Powers


Like the other GODS OF OLYMPUS, Pan possessed enormous strength. He could also run for long periods of time and was impervious to injury. He could transform objects into different forms and was able to teleport himself from Earth to Mount Olympus and back. He is depicted as very shrewd with a wonderful sense of humor.


In Ancient Roman mythology, a SIMILAR GOD is called Faunus.


Pan and Music


The MYTHOLOGICAL STORIES involving Pan usually involve his romantic interest in a lovely goddess of the woods who spurns his advances and gets turned into an inanimate object to escape him or who otherwise flees from his ugly appearance. One story concerns Syrinx, a beautiful wood nymph. She flees from Pan’s attentions, and her follow goddesses turn her into a river reed in order to hide her from him. As the winds blow through the reeds, they make a gentle musical sound. Because he does not know which reed Syrinx is, he cuts several from reeds from the group and set them in a line to make the musical instrument, the pan flute. Pan’s image is often depicted with this instrument.


Pan Gave Humans the Word “Panic”


One story involving Pan is the tale of war, in which Pan helps his friend survive a vicious struggle by letting out an immense cry that frightened the enemy and caused him to run away. From this story, we get the word “panic”, the sudden, uncontrollable fear that leads people into irrational behavior.


Pan in the Modern World


Over the ages, Pan has been a symbol of the force of nature. In the 1800s, interest in this mythological figure revived, and communities organized festivals in which Pan was the central figure. Mythical stories of Pan’s antics abound, and he continues to be a figure representing the ancient mystery of the forest, hunting activities and wildlife.


Like the OTHER GODS of Ancient Greece, Pan embodies many of the qualities of the world over which he ruled. He is depicted as energetic, sometimes frightening, with the wild, unbridled creative force of nature that makes him an interesting, and often entertaining, character.


  

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I assure you can bid with confidence! Any questions.

Please do not hesitate to contact me prior to placing a bid. 

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Sincerely 
Bejou


PROVIDENCE: 
DR JOHN C. NEIL WORLD RENOWNED OPTOMETRIST: THIS IS HIS BIOGRAPHY AND LIFETIME COMMITMENT TO HIS PROFESSION, ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND PHILANTHROPY. 

was his grand daughter; I spent a great deal of time with my grand parents and had a loving supportive relationship. My grand father always had a lot to talk about, his practice, patients his love for boating the arts and world politics I lived with my grandparents for 5 years at their home in Philadelphia, while attending Einstein hospital and John Hopkins University for pediatric nurse practitioner were I earned my degree.

My grandfather was very knowledgeable and influential in developing my interest in medical field and art, antiques. He was a patron of the arts. My grandfather was and art collector both American and European art and antiques this was his passion He spent a lot of time working and traveling in Europe and would buy art and antiques abroad and at home. He also received gifts from friends and dignitaries. My grandfather was Dr John C. Neil a world-renowned doctor, 3rd generation optometrist 1902-1978. My grandfather was a professor emeritus, lecturer practitioner, and author.

He was a world traveler and an inventor; and president of the Pa, college of optometry here in USA, which his grand father was cofounder and board member throughout his years. He opened the first free eye clinic in Phila. My grandfather invented several mechanical devices for the eyes. He was one of 3 doctors Dr. Wilhelm Sohnges of Munich, West Germany and Dr. Frank Dickinson from St Annes-Sea, England who collaborated developing and inventing the micro lens for corneal implants known today as contact lens. He also worked with Dr. William Feinbloom of New York and helped pioneer the Development of telescopic spectacles and bifocal binocular